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Mausoleum

24.01.2024
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Mausoleum
Guest Post

Mausoleum

Mausoleum, Turkey founder of the Republic Mustafa Kemal AtatürkAs the eternal resting place of the capital AnkaraIt is the symbolic structure of . This monumental complex AtaturkIt was built as an expression of the nation's endless love and respect for him after his death.

History of Anıtkabir

History of Anıtkabir, AtaturkIt covers a period that started immediately after the death of 10 November 1938. AtaturkA comprehensive competition was held regarding the location and design of the final resting place of , and a selection process open to the participation of the entire nation was followed. As a result of the competition, architects Prof. Emin Onat and Assoc. Orhan Arda's project was chosen as the winner among the works of 47 of the contestants.

Beginning and Process of Construction

The foundation of Anıtkabir was laid on October 9, 1944. The materials and workmanship used in the construction process were meticulously selected from all over Turkey, creating a mosaic of all the riches of the country. Anıtkabir was completed in 1953 and opened to public visits. In the plan of the building; There is a square, ceremonial path, lion path, mausoleum, monument block, visitor center, museum, towers and various monumental structures.

Architectural and Artistic Features

Architecturally, Anıtkabir was built in the Stripped Classicism style, which was popular in the post-World War II period. Each corner of the building, which stands out with precise and clear lines, simple forms and elegant details, AtaturkIt symbolizes the personality of and the Turkish nation's struggle for independence.

The Road of Lions is designed to represent the silent and dignified guardians of the national will, with 24 lion statues rising gradually on both sides, leading visitors to the ceremony area. These lion figures were inspired by Hittite art and were made to express the power and nobility of the Turkish nation.

Rising on the main axis, the Ceremonial Square is a large area where state ceremonies are held and has a capacity of 15 thousand people. The mausoleum part is AtaturkIt is crowned with a large dome standing on four main pillars, where the symbolic tomb of . The interior and exterior of the mausoleum are decorated with marble and stones specially selected from various provinces of Turkey.

Commemoration Events in Anıtkabir

AtaturkCommemorative events and official ceremonies take place on November 10 every year. Turkish people, AtaturkBy gathering in the spiritual presence of , they have the opportunity to express their gratitude and respect. In addition, 23 April National Sovereignty and Children's Day, 19 May AtaturkImportant ceremonies centered in Anıtkabir are also held on national holidays and commemoration days such as the Commemoration of Youth and Sports Day, 30 August Victory Day and 29 October Republic Day.

Educational and Cultural Activities

Anıtkabir also serves as a museum. Ataturk's personal belongings, various tools he used and historical documents have been taken under protection by the Anıtkabir Command. On special occasions, it hosts educational visits by schools and tourist groups. Especially the younger generations, with these visits AtaturkFinds the opportunity to get to know the life and works of .

In a geography that has hosted many civilizations throughout history, Anıtkabir; It has been a monument that sheds light on Turkey's modern history, symbolizes its founding values ​​and inspires future generations. Founder of Turkish Republic Mustafa Kemal AtatürkAnıtkabir, which was built as a symbol of the deep love and respect for , is a rare work loaded with extraordinary history, art and meaning in every aspect.

The Meaning and Importance of Visiting Anıtkabir

Anıtkabir, founder of the Republic of Türkiye Mustafa Kemal AtatürkAs the final resting place of AnkaraIt is a historical and national heritage located in the heart of Turkey, hosting millions of local and foreign visitors every year. In this majestic mausoleum AtaturkBesides, there is also the tomb of Turkey's second President, İsmet İnönü. Visiting Anıtkabir is for all Turkish people as well as AtaturkIt has great meaning for anyone who wants to understand the Republic of Turkey and the founding ideals of the Republic of Turkey.

Visit Protocol and Etiquette

During visits to Anıtkabir, it is expected to follow a protocol and etiquette determined by the Anıtkabir Command. Visiting hours and rules of Anıtkabir must be followed. When approaching the grave, it is expected to act in silence and to observe a moment of silence as in official ceremonies. Clothing choice is also important when visiting Anıtkabir and visitors are recommended to dress carefully and respectfully.

Anıtkabir Museum and Exhibitions

There is also an Anıtkabir Museum for Anıtkabir visitors. In this museum AtaturkThere are personal belongings of . In addition, a wide collection of valuable works gifted to him is exhibited. Moreover, AtaturkDocumentations providing information about 's life, struggle and ideals help deepen visitors' understanding.

Visitor Experience and National Feelings

The most important element in the spirit of visiting Anıtkabir is that it strengthens the visitors' bond with national history and identity. Ataturk's will, "Entrust me to Turkish doctors", is directly related to the feelings of national unity and solidarity felt intensely during the visit to Anıtkabir. The common past, future and history of the Turkish people AtaturkIt testifies to his belief in the ideal of . Every Turkish citizen visiting Anıtkabir at least once in his life means respect for national history.

Visit to the mausoleum; In addition to protecting our historical, cultural and national values, we also support the founding philosophy of the Republic of Turkey and Ataturk It offers the opportunity to better understand its principles and reforms. Anıtkabir is a place where every individual who is a soldier of the Turkish nation travels to history, ideals and the future, and his visit always leaves deep and meaningful traces in our memory.