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What is Mumps?

11.12.2021
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What is Mumps?
Guest Post

What is Mumps? Symptoms and Treatment Methods

Mumps is an infectious viral disease that causes swelling and pain in the salivary glands, especially the parotid glands located between the ear and jaw. One in every three people with mumps does not experience swelling of the glands. However, the problem occurs in the form of infection in the upper respiratory tract.

What are the symptoms of mumps?

Mumps can affect many body systems, and mumps symptoms are similar to flu symptoms, including:

  • Abdominal pain
  • swollen cheeks
  • Swelling and pain in the tonsils

Sometimes, some people with mumps do not have any symptoms, and the incubation period can last between 16 and 18 days, and sometimes up to 25 days. People infected with the virus can spread it 1 to 2 days after the onset of symptoms and up to 5 to 9 days after the onset of symptoms.

What are the Causes and Risk Factors of Mumps?

Mumps can be transmitted in several ways, such as:

  • Cough
  • Sneeze
  • Sharing food or drinks with an infected person

What are the Complications of Mumps?

Mumps in children is generally considered a mild disease with rare complications, but it can cause:

  • Encephalitis and meningitis
  • Orchitis in men or inflammation of the ovaries in women
  • Hearing loss
  • Pancreatitis
  • Abortionin the first three months of pregnancy

How is Mumps Diagnosed?

Mumps is usually diagnosed based on a few things, such as:

  • History of the disease
  • Swelling and tenderness in the parotid glands
  • neck stiffness
  • Headache
  • Pain in tonsils

Sometimes a blood test such as the following is performed: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay – ELISA/ EIA is a test to detect the presence of antibodies to the disease-causing virus, thus confirming the diagnosis of the disease.

In rare cases, mumps virus is detected by a virus culture test performed on a sample of urine, saliva, or cerebrospinal fluid.

How to Treat Mumps?

In most cases, mumps is treated with rest and home treatment, but in case of complications, mumps treatment may be needed in the hospital.

How Can Mumps Be Prevented?

  • Mumps infection can be completely prevented by receiving two injections of MMR vaccine for measles, mumps and rubella.
  • The first injection is given at 12 to 15 months of age, the second injection is given at 4 to 6 years of age, and there is another vaccine called a quadrivalent vaccine given against measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox.
  • Most babies do not get mumps in their first year of life, thanks to the short-acting vaccine they receive from their mothers before birth.

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