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Mucilage formation and chemical wastes

09.10.2021
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Mucilage formation and chemical wastes
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Mucilage is a structure with the characteristics of mucus formed on the sea surface by the combination of many biological and chemical factors. It is in a slimy and sticky form. It occurs due to the increase in sea temperature and the resulting increase in bacterial activities. With the excessive proliferation of plant organisms called phytoplankton, such a structure forms on the sea surface.

There are a number of conditions for mucilage formation. These are seasonal temperatures, current, salt level, pollution, etc. can be listed as many different factors. Primarily as pollution Nitrogen ve Phosphorus There is also a need for substances that nourish microorganisms, such as These are largely provided by waste discharged into the sea. Factors such as factory wastes that cannot be adequately filtered, unconsciously polluted sewage wastes, burnt oil wastes and cleaning product wastes mixing with sewage water are among the main factors.

Phytoplankton are defined as single-celled organisms and colonies that develop in aquatic environments as phototrophs (organisms that capture light and produce food from it) and are free-swimming. They form colonies starting from the upper part of the water to the lower limits where light can reach. The structure and abundance of the phytoplankton population consists of nitrogen, phosphorus, silica and iron It is directly related to inorganic nutrients such as

In this context, since it is difficult to control light in coastal areas exposed to mucilage, it can be envisaged to reduce the effect of mucilage by controlling the amount of nutrients mentioned above, such as nitrogen and phosphorus. However, when controlling these nutrients, it should be taken into consideration that other minerals that may react may also have side effects on marine creatures.

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