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Peterhof Palace

28.12.2023
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Peterhof Palace
Guest Post

The Fascinating World of Peterhof Palace

Peterhof Palace, with its elegant architecture and breathtaking gardens, Rusya It has a special place in the historical and cultural heritage of . Sankt-Peterburg This magnificent complex, located on the shores of the Baltic Sea in the west of Istanbul, was built in the early 18th century. Rus Tsar Peter I It was built by order of . This set of structures, which was created by blending baroque and neo-classical styles, is considered an expression of the power and wealth of the Russian aristocracy, beyond being an architectural masterpiece.

Petergof Palace, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage list, welcomes visitors from all over the world and "RusyaIt is known as the "Versailles of". Inspired by the famous Palace of Versailles in France, this complex offers a unique experience to its visitors with its unique character and size. While Petergof dazzles with its golden decorations, statues and fountains, it is the symbol of elegance with its landscaped gardens.

This magnificent palace, which was once the summer residence of the Russian monarchy, was created with the collaboration of the most talented architects and artists of the period. The most striking feature of Petergof is undoubtedly the Grand Cascade and the Samson Fountain. The Great Cascade offers a picture-perfect view with remarkable golden statues, marble terraces and numerous fountains. The Samson Fountain located in the center has an impressive design symbolizing the moment when the mythological hero Samson defeated a lion.

The interior of Peterhof Palace is as impressive as its exterior. It takes visitors on a journey through time, reflecting the art of the period with its ornate throne rooms, formal halls and private apartment, elegant furniture, chandeliers and murals. It is possible to feel the magnificence of the past in these rooms filled with unique art collections and historical artifacts.

Visiting Peterhof Palace not only offers a visual feast, but also the opportunity to experience important moments in Russian history. The rich history and architecture of the palace is not only RusyaIt stands out as the common heritage not only of , but also of the whole world. That's why thousands of tourists flock to Petergof every year to see these magnificent palaces and gardens. Petergof Palace stands as an unforgettable destination for anyone who wants to discover an immortal combination of history and art.

History of Peterhof Palace

Petergof Palace, once the summer residence of the Russian Tsarist family and also known as the "Russian Versailles", has a rich history and magnificent gardens. RusyaIt is one of the most famous cultural treasures of Turkey. Foundations of the palace, Russian Emperor Peter I and its history dates back to 1705, when Peter discovered the region during the Great Northern War.

Peter I's personal efforts and vision were central to the construction of Petergof. In 1714, the foundations of Monplaisir Palace were laid and this structure Peter IIt was the first palace complex that was frequently used by . However, his greatest legacy is the expansion initiated by his instructions inspired by the Palace of Versailles to include Peterhof's fascinating complex of extensive palaces and gardens. The design of the palace and gardens at that time was undertaken by French architect Jean-Baptiste Le Blond, and these plans represent a turning point in the history of Russian architecture.

Peter IEach subsequent ruler expanded and enriched the palace and its surroundings further inland, continuing to add unique interpretations of Russian aesthetics. Between 1745 and 1755, under the leadership of Empress Yelizaveta Petrovna, Italian architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli significantly transformed the silhouette of Petergof Palace, decorating the palace's exterior with the splendor of baroque art. This period is considered the brightest and most magnificent times of the palace.

However, II. The brutality of World War II also affected Peterhof Palace. The palace complex, which came under Nazi occupation on September 23, 1941, suffered great damage during the occupation, which lasted until 1944. Restoration works, which started with the withdrawal of German forces, continue today to restore this historical heritage to its former glory.

Its name was changed to “Petrodvorets” (Petro's Palace) in 1944 to erase memories of the war and to refer to Soviet history, but in 1997 it was reverted to its original name “Petergof” as a sign of respect for its historical and cultural ties. This underlines that Petergof is not just a historical heritage, but also a dynamic cultural symbol that lives in our memory and in our hearts.

Peterhof Palace Compound

Peterhof Palace Complex, Sankt peterburg It is a magnificent group of buildings located on the shores of the Baltic Sea. This complex, which fascinates visitors from all over the world with its history, architecture and garden arrangements, is also known as the Versailles of the Black Sea.

Peterhof the Great Palace

The most striking structure of the complex, Peterhof the Great Palace, was built by the Russian tsars in the 18th century, according to their orders. This palace, which bears the impressive features of the Baroque style, takes visitors on a journey through time with its rich decorations, statues covered with gold leaf and refined painting galleries. The interior and exterior design of the palace includes the influence of Western Europe as well as Russian architecture, and this combination plays an important role in making the palace a world heritage site.

Lower and Upper Gardens

Surrounding the perimeter of Peterhof the Great Palace, the Lower and Upper Gardens offer a unique visiting experience with their orderly paths, colorful flower beds and carefully arranged foliage. The Lower Garden stands out with its baroque style garden landscaping and sculptures and ornamental pools, the work of the most talented garden architects of the period. The Upper Garden has a simpler design and offers an ideal environment for relaxing.

Samson Fountain

Samson Fountain is one of the most impressive ornamental pools of the Lower Garden and RusyaIt was designed in the shape of Samson, a powerful figure symbolizing the victory of Sweden over Sweden. The fountain turns into a visual feast, especially when operated in the summer months, and is greatly appreciated by visitors.

Monplaisir, Marli and Hermitage Palaces

Monplaisir Palace was built as the personal holiday and entertainment venue of Tsar Peter I and has been preserved to this day with the techniques used at that time. Marli Palace, which is a more modest building, focuses especially on the natural beauties of the palace complex. Additionally, one of the more hidden corners of the park, the Hermitage Pavilion, stands out as a private pavilion used for various celebrations.

Petergof Palace Complex is an unmissable destination for history and art lovers, with its rich historical heritage and immense beauty. RusyaIt deserves the title of pearl of .

Roof of the palace church and Statue of Poseidon

Roof of the palace church and Statue of Poseidon

 

View from the Lion's Mouth of the 20-meter-high Samson Vertical Fountain

View from the Lion's Mouth of the 20-meter-high Samson Vertical Fountain

 

Church of the Grand Palace

Church of the Grand Palace

Petrof's Upper Gardens

Upper Gardens of Peterhof

Grand Cascade

Grand Cascade

The heritage pavilion in the Lower Gardens

The heritage pavilion in the Lower Gardens

Bird Garden Pavilion

Bird Garden Pavilion

Olgin Pavilion

Olgin Pavilion

Tsarina Pavilion

Tsarina Pavilion