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What is Keratin?

22.12.2023
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What is Keratin?
Guest Post

What is Keratin?

Keratin is a fibrous, structural substance found in eukaryotic cells. protein is the general name of the family. These protein filaments are known for their strength and water-insoluble nature. Keratin filaments, found in many living things from mammals to birds, from reptiles to amphibians, take part in the formation of hard, non-mineralized bodily structures. It manifests itself in many structures, from our hair to our nails, from hooves to claws and even bird feathers. What is interesting is that a number of different types of keratin can be found in just one organism.

Keratin is a type of protein formed by the combination of amino acids. In particular, amino acids such as arginine, serine and histidine play an important role in the molecular structure of keratin. These amino acids are effective in regulating the structure of keratin filaments and ensuring their stability. Thus, the strength and resistance of keratin increases.

Alpha keratin has a helical structure and rotates to the right. This helical structure is important for the flexibility and strength of keratin. Keratin filaments interact with each other and form a strong network thanks to their helical structure. This network is used in tissues that need support between cells and increases the durability and strength of that tissue.

Naturally, the structural properties and functions of keratin have influenced many researchers. Scientists are working to better understand this protein family and manipulate its structure. There are also commercial uses of keratin. For example, keratin is frequently used in the cosmetic industry in hair care products, nail polishes and skin care products. These products take advantage of keratin's properties to strengthen and nourish hair and nails.

Keratin is one of the most durable proteins found in nature and plays an important role in the bodies of living things. The fibrous structure in their structure makes keratin a natural building material. Therefore, further investigation and understanding of the properties of keratin holds great potential in the development of building materials and biomaterials in the future.