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What is myoma?

What is myoma?
Guest Post

What is myoma?

Myomas, the most common benign tumor of the uterus, are defined as abnormal smooth muscle proliferation in the uterus. These tumors usually form as well-circumscribed masses and can be located in different regions, for example, they can be seen in intramural, subserous, intracavitary forms.

Although it is thought to occur due to the estrogen hormone, it is also known that familial predisposition is also effective. Fibroids are a hormone-dependent tumor and occur in approximately 20% of women, mostly during their reproductive years.

Menopause As hormone levels decrease during the period, a decrease in the size of myomas is observed. These tumors tend to occur more frequently in obese and nulliparous women.

During pregnancy, fibroids can increase in size and cause pain. Subserous myomas, especially those that are large in size and put pressure on the uterus, can cause problems such as infertility, miscarriage, recurrent pregnancy loss and the threat of premature birth.

What are the Symptoms of Myoma?

While some women experience symptoms due to fibroids, many women do not experience any symptoms. These symptoms can often vary depending on the size, number and location of the fibroid. Fibroids are benign tumors that grow inside the uterus and can usually affect women between the ages of 30 and 50. So, what are the symptoms of myoma?

  1. Painful or excessive menstrual bleeding: As a result of myomas putting pressure on the uterus, the amount and duration of menstrual bleeding may increase. It may manifest itself with problems such as excessive bleeding, long menstrual periods and continuous bleeding. This condition can negatively affect the woman's daily life and lead to severe anemia.
  2. Pelvic pain or pressure: Fibroids can cause pain or pressure in the uterus or pelvic area. This symptom can often vary depending on the size and location of the fibroids. If fibroids are large, a constant feeling of heaviness in the pelvic area may occur.
  3. Backache: As fibroids grow, they can put pressure on the spine and lumbar region. As a result, lower back pain and a feeling of pressure in the lower back and abdomen may occur. Lower back pain can often increase after sitting or standing for long periods of time.
  4. Frequent urination: Fibroids can put pressure on the bladder, causing a feeling of frequent urination. It reduces the capacity of the bladder and causes the woman to feel the need to go to the toilet frequently. This symptom can disrupt a person's sleep patterns and affect daily activities.
  5. Constipation: Fibroids growing in the uterus can put pressure on bowel movements and cause constipation problems. This symptom may affect the person's digestive system and cause discomfort.

The symptoms of fibroids may differ from person to person and do not occur the same in every woman. While some women do not experience any symptoms, for others the symptoms may negatively affect their quality of life. Therefore, it is important to consult a specialist if you are experiencing symptoms of fibroids. Your specialist can evaluate the symptoms, offer you appropriate treatment options, and help you take the necessary steps for a healthy life.

How Does Myoma Treatment Process Work?

Myomas are benign tumors that form inside the uterus. The treatment process for these tumors depends on many factors and may differ for each woman. Depending on the symptoms, size, number, location of fibroids, menopausal status, pregnancy Depending on your plans and general health condition, an appropriate treatment method is determined by a specialist.

Myomas are tumors that usually do not cause any symptoms and can be harmless. Therefore, fibroids that show no symptoms usually do not require treatment. However, some women may experience symptoms resulting from the heavy nature of their menstrual bleeding, uncomfortable feelings of pain and pressure, or difficulty urinating. Additionally, because fibroids tend to grow, experts may recommend close monitoring of the patient's condition.

If the symptoms of fibroids reach a disturbing level or if the fibroids continue to grow, treatment options are reviewed. First, experts may recommend medication to relieve symptoms and keep the growth of fibroids under control. These medications may be used to reduce menstrual bleeding, relieve pain, or reduce the size of fibroids.

If drug therapy does not produce adequate results or fibroids continue to grow, minimally invasive procedures may be considered. These interventions are performed using methods such as laparoscopy or hysteroscopy and usually do not require hospitalization. The aim is to shrink myomas by using focused ultrasound energy or by blocking blood flow to myomas with a method called embolization.

However, if all these treatment options fail or if the myomas have reached large sizes, surgical intervention may be required. Surgeries such as myomectomy or hysterectomy are among the procedures performed to completely remove fibroids or remove the uterus. When choosing a surgical method, experts determine the most appropriate option by taking into account the patient's age, general health condition, and the size and number of myomas.

What Problems Can Myoma Cause During Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is an exciting and happy time for many women. However, sometimes some problems may arise during pregnancy. Myomas are one of the problems that may occur during pregnancy. Myomas; They are benign tumors that form in the uterus and are mostly found in most women. Most fibroids do not cause any problems during pregnancy, and women can become pregnant and give birth healthily. But sometimes fibroids can cause complications during pregnancy.

The location and size of myomas determine the risks that may be encountered during pregnancy. Myomas can occur in different areas within the uterus, and sometimes myomas can be located close to the uterine cavity. If a fibroid is located close to the uterine cavity, the risk of miscarriage may increase. Fibroids may also increase the risk of premature birth. Large fibroids, especially, increase the risk of premature birth and can cause complications during birth.

The size and location of the fibroids also determine whether a cesarean section will be needed instead of a normal birth. If myomas are located close to the entrance to the uterus, normal birth may be risky and doctors may usually decide on a cesarean section. However, depending on the location and size of the myoma, doctors may take a different approach.

Fibroids can also lead to problems such as placenta previa, fetal development problems, and postpartum bleeding. Placenta previa is the implantation of the placenta near the cervix and can cause bleeding. Fetal development problems are related to the effect of fibroids on the uterus and may prevent the baby from growing. Postpartum bleeding can also occur due to the effect of fibroids and can be a serious problem.

Every woman's fibroids and pregnancy are different, so you should definitely talk to your doctor to determine the risks associated with fibroids and how they will affect the pregnancy process. Your doctor will evaluate the size, location and condition of your fibroids and recommend an appropriate treatment plan to ensure your pregnancy is as safe as possible.

Remember, although fibroids are tumor-like structures that do not interfere with pregnancy and do not cause complications in most cases, they can affect the pregnancy process. That's why it's important to keep a close eye on your fibroids and pregnancy with your doctor. To keep yourself and your baby safe, do not neglect regular check-ups and carefully follow your doctor's recommendations. Wishing you a healthy pregnancy!