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What is Premenopause and What Are Its Symptoms?

What is Premenopause and What Are Its Symptoms?
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What is Premenopause and What Are Its Symptoms?

Menopause, is a process that begins, on average, in the 50s; However, menopause in a woman does not occur suddenly. Menopause begins with the premenopause phase, which is actually a transition period. Women may enter menopause, some at an earlier age, and this often negatively affects women. Therefore, it is important to know more about the premenopause phase before menopause.

Premenopause is a period that is usually manifested by menstrual irregularities and delays. Women's menstrual cycles may change, and this is a natural process and is caused by hormonal changes occurring in the body. During premenopause, ovarian functions decrease and this causes hormonal fluctuations.

Some symptoms may occur during this period. For example, symptoms such as menstrual irregularities, low energy levels, sleep problems, hot flashes, night sweats, skin and hair changes, weight gain or weight loss, mood changes, anxiety or depression may be signs of premenopause.

The premenopause process may differ for each woman. While symptoms may be mild in some women, they may occur more intensely in others. Therefore, each woman's experiences may be different and the effects of premenopause may vary from person to person.

It is important to have regular women's health check-ups to protect your health during premenopause. Staying in regular contact with your doctor means you can get help when needed and explore treatment options that may relieve the symptoms you're experiencing.

You can also support your process of coping with symptoms by adopting a healthy lifestyle during this period. A balanced diet, regular exercise, avoiding stress, sleep patterns and healthy living habits are important in this process.

What are the symptoms of premenopause?

Premenopause is a critical phase when a woman is moving towards menopause. Symptoms that occur during this period can negatively affect women's quality of life. Early menopause is when this process starts earlier than expected and may show the same symptoms. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms of early menopause and the measures that can be taken to relieve these symptoms.

Symptoms that indicate early menopause include long periods and prolonged intervals between periods or frequent menstruation. In addition to this situation, hot flashes and night sweats are also common complaints. Vaginal dryness, itching and lack of sexual desire are also among the symptoms of early menopause. Difficulty or loss of bladder control may also indicate this period. Additionally, psychological symptoms such as insomnia, fatigue, mood swings, anxiety and irritability may also indicate early menopause. In addition, cognitive symptoms such as forgetfulness, difficulty in concentration and inattention are among the common complaints. Increased appetite, headache and dizziness are among other symptoms that may occur due to early menopause.

When you experience these symptoms, it is extremely important to consult a doctor. It is important for the physician to perform the necessary tests and determine appropriate treatment methods for the diagnosis of early menopause. However, lifestyle changes can also be beneficial in this process. A healthy diet, regular exercise, avoiding stress and paying attention to sleep patterns can relieve symptoms. Moreover hormone replacement therapy Medical interventions such as may also be considered.

The symptoms of early menopause can negatively affect the quality of life, but you can alleviate these symptoms with precautions taken during this period. It is important to monitor yourself, share your symptoms with your doctor and take necessary precautions. Although early menopause is not a condition that requires complete treatment, you can go through this process more comfortably with treatment options directed by your doctor.

Causes of Premenopause

Although many issues related to women's health have been researched more in recent years, they are still not fully clarified. One of these is the factors that lead to early menopause. Early menopause is when women's natural menopause begins at an earlier age than expected. This can lead to many difficulties, both physical and emotional.

To understand the causes of early menopause, it is important to review some factors. Situations such as never giving birth, smoking and low socioeconomic level are among the factors that can lead to early menopause. However, it is known that among all these factors, smoking habit is the most important factor. Women who smoke have a risk of entering menopause about 1 year earlier than women who do not smoke.

Genetics is another cause of early menopause. The age at which the parent reaches menopause is considered to be the approximate age at which the person will also enter menopause. In addition, early menopause may also occur as a result of autoimmune diseases such as thyroid or joint rheumatism. These diseases affect the ovaries by increasing inflammation in the body, which can lead to early menopause.

It is observed that estrogen levels are lower than normal in women who enter early menopause. Therefore, treatments aimed at increasing the estrogen hormone may help prevent early menopause. However, lifestyle is also among the factors that cause early menopause. Since the estrogen hormone is stored in fat tissue, being extremely thin or low in fat increases the risk of early menopause due to the decrease in estrogen. Not eating a balanced diet, living a sedentary life and Vitamin D A similar situation may be encountered in people suffering from deficiency.

How Is Premenopause Diagnosed?

Symptoms during premenopause manifest themselves with various changes. First of all, irregularities may occur in the menstrual cycle. The time between menstrual periods may be longer or longer than a week. These symptoms indicate premenopause and may require consulting a specialist.

A physical examination performed by a specialist is an important step in diagnosing early menopause. During these examinations, the patient's history is carefully listened to and any other health problems, if any, are examined. pregnancy Situations such as these are questioned. In addition, conditions such as thyroid or pregnancy are checked with blood tests. During premenopause, the level of estradiol, a form of estrogen naturally produced in the body, needs to be measured. Low estradiol levels can be an indicator of problems with the ovaries.

One of the most important tests in diagnosing early menopause is a blood test that measures the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level. FSH is a hormone that enables the ovaries to produce estrogen. When the ovaries' production of estrogen slows, FSH levels rise. Therefore, measuring FSH level has an important role in diagnosing early menopause.

How is Premenopause Treated?

Premenopause is a phase when women's reproductive abilities end and their bodies undergo hormonal changes. The symptoms and discomfort experienced during this period can be a difficult process for many women. Fortunately, some treatment options can help with premenopausal discomfort.

Early menopause is diagnosed when menstrual bleeding is absent for at least 12 months. In this case, treatment options may often be less effective. However, if menopause has not started yet and the general health condition is good, supplementing the missing hormones may be among the options. Hormone supplements can help relieve symptoms and improve quality of life by replacing missing hormones in the body.

However, when medication is not an option to treat early menopause, making some lifestyle changes may also be beneficial. Steps such as quitting smoking, exercising regularly, and adopting healthy eating habits can help improve overall health. Additionally, applying stress management techniques can contribute to maintaining hormonal balance and relieving symptoms.