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What are Genital Infections?

09.01.2024
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What are Genital Infections?
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What are Genital Infections?

Genital infections is a general term that refers to a number of diseases seen in the genital system. These infections can be caused by various microorganisms and affect the body's reproductive organs. Genital structure; This includes organs such as the vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and these infections can affect all these parts.

Genital infections can vary widely in symptoms and effects. While there are common and generally mild infections such as candida vaginitis, which is a simple yeast fungus, there are also infections that can lead to serious complications such as tubaovarian abscess and can cause long-term problems such as infertility if left untreated.

The risk of genital infection may also increase in some cases due to natural causes. For example, times when the body's natural barriers are disrupted, such as birth, miscarriage, surgical interventions, or situations where personal hygiene is inadequate are among the factors that increase the risk of infection.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also considered in the category of genital infections, and these infections can be transmitted especially between sexual partners. Therefore, protected intercourse, regular health checks and early treatment if necessary are important in preventing sexually transmitted infections.

Genital Infections and Types

Genital infections encompass a variety of conditions that affect the genitourinary system and are often sexually transmitted. These infections, which can be experienced by both women and men, can lead to serious health problems if left untreated. It is important to provide information about the symptoms, treatment methods and prevention of genital infections.

Warts (Condyloma)

Warts (Condyloma) are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV) and appear as small flesh-like protrusions and masses in the genital area. It is contagious and can cause itching and discomfort in the affected area. Treatment can be carried out using cryotherapy, laser or surgical methods.

Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is an infection caused by the Herpes simplex virus. The virus remains in the body for life and occasionally manifests itself with painful sores and herpes lesions. It is treated with antiviral drugs and helps reduce the severity of symptoms.

Bartolin Abscess

It is an infection that occurs as a result of blockage of the Bartholin gland and causes painful swelling. Antibiotics and, if necessary, surgical drainage methods are effective in treatment.

Vaginal Infections (Vaginitis)

Candida Vaginitis (Fungal)

It is a type of infection caused by candida yeast and causes symptoms such as itching, burning, redness and white cheese-like discharge. It is treated with antifungal creams and medications.

Bacterial Vaginitis

Bacterial vaginitis occurs as a result of an imbalance of bacteria in the normal flora of the vagina. It is characterized by discharge, foul odor and itching. It is treated with antibiotics containing metronidazole or clindamycin.

Trichomonas Vaginitis

It is caused by infection with the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis. It may cause yellow, foamy and foul-smelling discharge. It can be treated with drugs such as metronidazole or tinidazole.

Cervical Infections (Cervicitis)

Chlamydia Infections

It is an infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and usually does not show symptoms. It must be treated with antibiotics.

Gonorrhea Infection

gonorrhea; It is an infection caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae and may manifest itself with symptoms such as discharge, burning, and pain during urination. It is treated with antibiotics.

Intrauterine Inflammation (Endometritis)

Chronic endometritis:

It is inflammation of the inner layer of the uterus as a result of long-term infection and usually has no obvious symptoms.

Acute endometritis:

It is characterized by sudden onset and severe symptoms. It is treated with antibiotics.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease It is an infection of the upper part of the reproductive organs. It can cause symptoms such as long-term pain and fever. It is treated with various antibiotics.

Toxic Shock Syndrome

It is a serious bacterial infection that is associated with tampon use and can be potentially fatal. It requires rapid medical attention.

Other Sexually Transmitted Infections

Hepatitis B:

It is transmitted through blood and other body fluids and affects the liver. It can be prevented by vaccination.

Hepatitis C:

It passes through the blood and can lead to chronic liver disease. Antiviral drugs are used for treatment.

AIDS:

HIV It develops due to the virus. It weakens the immune system and leaves it vulnerable to various infections and diseases. It can be controlled with antiretroviral treatment.

To prevent genital infections, preventive measures such as regular health check-ups, avoiding risky sexual behavior, using barrier contraceptive methods and vaccinations are important. Additionally, early diagnosis is critical for effective treatment and prevention of potential complications. It should not be forgotten that sexual healthIt is an integral part of general health and should not be neglected.