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What are the cancers seen during pregnancy?

07.12.2023
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What are the cancers seen during pregnancy?
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What are the cancers seen during pregnancy?

PregnancyAlthough pregnancy is a happy period for every woman, sometimes unexpected health problems may arise. One of these may be the development of cancer during pregnancy. However, it is not correct to say that there is a relationship between pregnancy and cancer. The risk of cancer may increase in women who become pregnant at an older age.

During pregnancy, women can get all types of cancer. Among the most common cancers breast cancer, melanoma, lymphoma, cervical cancer, leukemia, ovarian cancer and thyroid cancer. These are factors that increase the chances of getting cancer during pregnancy.

If you are diagnosed with cancer during pregnancy, it is important to start treatment immediately. The pregnancy can continue because the cancer does not directly harm the baby's health. However, methods used to treat cancer, such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy, may affect the baby's development. Therefore, the baby's condition should be closely monitored during the treatment process.

In the case of a pregnancy diagnosed with cancer, doctors usually do not recommend terminating the pregnancy. Instead, the treatment plan is tailored to the pregnancy process and the safest possible options are chosen. However, in some cases it may be necessary to give birth prematurely, and you should definitely follow your doctor's advice.

Receiving cancer treatment during pregnancy is an extremely sensitive issue, and therefore it is important that the treatment process takes place in a reliable hospital with oncology specialists. Because in these hospitals, physicians specialized in different branches can come together to create the best treatment plan and protect the health of you and your baby at the highest level.

How Is Cancer Diagnosed During Pregnancy?

Cancer diagnosis increases the chance of cure when diagnosed at an early stage. However, sometimes cancer symptoms can be confused with pregnancy symptoms, which can make cancer diagnosis during pregnancy difficult. Symptoms such as nausea, bloating, headache and back pain, bleeding, and breast volume changes may occur both during pregnancy and cancer.

It is important not to neglect routine examinations to diagnose cancer during pregnancy. From the beginning of pregnancy, many women undergo regular ultrasound and blood tests. These tests are performed both to check the development of the fetus and to monitor the health of the mother. It is also a valuable tool to check for signs of cancer.

Ultrasound testing is a method used to diagnose cancer during pregnancy. Thanks to this test, abnormalities in organs such as the uterus and ovaries can be detected. Especially cancer types such as cervical cancer or ovarian cancer can be detected at an early stage with ultrasound.

Blood tests are another important tool for diagnosing cancer. Regular blood tests during pregnancy are used to check hormone levels and see the presence of abnormal cells. For example, it is possible to measure some markers used in the diagnosis of breast cancer with blood tests.

When diagnosing cancer during pregnancy, your doctor will take a detailed history and perform a physical examination. In suspicious cases, additional tests and imaging methods can reveal the presence of cancer more precisely.

Does Receiving Cancer Treatment Prevent Having Children?

We have exciting news for women who get cancer during pregnancy: Getting cancer treatment may not prevent you from having children. Of course, how the treatment will be administered should be planned depending on factors such as the duration of the pregnancy and the type and stage of the cancer. However, in many cases, pregnancy and cancer treatment can go together.

First of all, benign and limited tumor types of cancer can be safely treated with surgery. This means surgical removal of the cancerous area and does not pose a barrier to pregnancy.

Chemotherapy treatment should be planned depending on the situation. Some medications may be given at a certain stage of pregnancy, provided the risks to the baby and mother do not outweigh the benefits. The important thing is to get a doctor's approval and make a decision, taking into account the possible effects of the treatment on the mother and baby.

Radiation therapy (radiotherapy or radiation therapy) is administered to shrink or destroy cancer cells. There may be situations during pregnancy that require this treatment. However, the abdominal area can be covered with a lead apron to protect the baby from the harmful effects of radiation.

In some cases, postponing cancer treatment until after birth may also be an option, if possible. In this case, new plans can be made to have children after cancer treatment is completed.

There are also situations where cancer treatment may negatively affect your fertility. There are some types of cancer and treatment methods that can damage the ovaries. However, there is hope for people who want to have children in the future. When diagnosed with cancer, healthy eggs can be stored to protect the ovaries. Embryo or egg Freezing methods are one of the best options for you to realize your future pregnancy plans. After cancer treatment, pregnancy can be achieved through in vitro fertilization using your frozen eggs.

How is Pregnancy Affected by Chemotherapy Treatment?

Being diagnosed with cancer during pregnancy is a worrying situation for many women. However, with a correct treatment plan and a right healthcare team, pregnancy can be managed with chemotherapy treatment. Chemotherapy is a treatment method used to target cancer cells and stop their growth or kill them. However, it is important to know that this treatment has potential risks to pregnancy.

The first trimester of pregnancy is one of the most critical stages when the baby's organs are developing. Starting chemotherapy during this period may be risky for the baby's health. It can increase the risks of permanent birth defects or even pregnancy loss. For this reason, doctors often prefer to postpone chemotherapy in these early stages of pregnancy.

By the beginning of the third or sixth month of pregnancy, the baby's organs are formed and less at risk. Therefore, chemotherapy may be administered during pregnancy in later stages. However, the correct medications must be used and possible risks must be taken into account.

Although the risk of chemotherapy harming the baby is small, some side effects may occur for the mother. Chemotherapy can cause the immune system to weaken and make you more susceptible to infections. Therefore, it is important for a pregnant woman to be regularly monitored and protected from infections.

To minimize the effects of chemotherapy on the baby, there are several factors to consider when planning treatment. While the first group of drugs can be used when the risks are higher, the second group of drugs can be preferred in later stages. The placenta, the membrane that covers the outside of the baby, can help prevent most medications from passing to the baby.

How Does Pregnancy Happen During and After Chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy, which is an effective method in the treatment of cancer diseases, requires attention to some important factors during pregnancy. Chemotherapy drugs are used to reduce or eliminate cancer cells. However, these drugs also have side effects on the body and may cause some problems during pregnancy. Therefore, it is extremely important for people who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant to pay attention to their doctor's recommendations.

Chemotherapy drugs can cause the heart and other organs in the body to weaken. During pregnancy, the heart has to work harder than normal, which can lead to negative effects. Therefore, it is extremely important for pregnant women to follow the precautions specified by their doctors for the health of the baby and the mother.

It may be possible to become pregnant after completion of cancer treatment. However, since the eggs may be damaged during the chemotherapy process, it may be necessary to wait for healthy eggs to remain in the body. Your doctor will share the most suitable time and planning for you in this regard.

On the other hand, it is important for women who are still receiving chemotherapy treatment after birth to consult their doctor about breastfeeding. Cancer cells cannot pass to the baby through breast milk, but it is known that some chemotherapy drugs can be found in breast milk. Therefore, in cases where breastfeeding may have a negative effect on the baby, your doctor will offer you alternatives.

Pregnancy during and after chemotherapy is possible with detailed planning and doctor's guidance. Given the right timing, appropriate treatment and careful follow-up, it will be possible to realize the dream of pregnancy for a person struggling with cancer. During this process, it is important to communicate directly with your doctor and ask your questions. It would be best to stick to your doctor's recommendations to avoid putting yourself and your baby at risk.

Cancer Treatment and its Effects on Reproduction

Cancer treatment is a complex process that can be carried out by many different methods and has various effects on the body. Methods such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery and hormone treatments are the most common treatment options used in the fight against cancer. However, the effects of these treatments on reproductive organs and fertility should not be ignored.

First of all, the drugs used during chemotherapy and hormone therapy can affect the ovaries, naturally causing a decrease in the number of eggs and dysfunction. This condition can be temporary or permanent and can harm reproduction and fertility. These treatments also have the potential to cause birth defects in the baby.

Radiation therapy is a treatment method that aims to destroy cancer cells by using high-energy radiation beams sent directly to the organs. However, if the radiation dose exceeds a certain amount, damage to the uterus and ovaries may occur. This may increase the risk of miscarriage or premature birth during pregnancy.

Surgical treatment is a treatment method performed by surgically removing cancerous tissue. However, if the area where surgery is performed is close to the reproductive organs, it may cause negative effects on fertility. After an operation involving the uterus and ovaries, damage to the reproductive organs and cells may occur and fertility problems may occur.

It can be a worrying situation for people who have been diagnosed with cancer and are going through the treatment process, especially for those who are pregnant or planning to have children. However, it should not be forgotten that today, healthy babies are born by applying cancer treatment during pregnancy. It is important to be in contact with experienced physicians in this regard and to be informed about options for preserving and freezing eggs or embryos.