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What is Mastitis?

04.01.2024
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What is Mastitis?
Guest Post

What is Mastitis (Breast Inflammation)?

Mastitis is a health problem that occurs as a result of inflammation of the breast tissue. Along with inflammation, symptoms such as redness, swelling, pain and sensitivity to touch may be observed in the breast. Although mastitis is usually seen in breastfeeding mothers, this condition can also be encountered in non-breastfeeding women and, rarely, in men.

Types of Mastitis

Mastitis, an inflammatory condition that occurs in the breast, is mostly observed during breastfeeding, but can also occur during non-breastfeeding periods. In this article, we will discuss the types of mastitis and the characteristics of each in detail.

Lactational Mastitis

Lactational mastitis, the most common type, is a condition that can be seen in breastfeeding mothers in the first 6-12 weeks after birth. The risk of breast infection increases as a result of blockage of the milk ducts and accumulation of milk during breastfeeding. It manifests itself with symptoms such as pain, redness, swelling and fever. Treatment of lactational mastitis may include frequent breastfeeding, massage of the inflamed area, and the use of antibiotics under doctor's supervision.

Non-Lactational Mastitis

Non-lactational mastitis type occurs outside the breastfeeding period and usually occurs as a result of bacterial infections. Factors such as injury to the breasts or disruption of the integrity of the skin may play a role in the formation of non-lactational mastitis. Treatment methods vary depending on the source and severity of the infection.

Granulomatous Mastitis

Granulomatous mastitis, a rare type, is generally seen in women in the reproductive period. It is considered a response of the immune system and is characterized by inflammation. Although the exact cause is not yet fully understood, treatment may include immunosuppressive medications and surgery.

Close cooperation with your doctor during the treatment process and complying with the recommended treatment plan are important factors that will accelerate recovery. Timely detection and appropriate intervention of mastib can prevent possible complications.

In short, mastitis is a condition that needs attention and is especially important for breastfeeding mothers. This disorder, which has different causes and symptoms in different varieties, can be controlled with correct diagnosis and an effective treatment approach. If you have any doubts about your health, you should contact a healthcare professional without delay. If you experience any changes or discomfort in your breast, you should not forget the importance of early diagnosis and seek treatment for the necessary interventions.

Mastitis Symptoms and Diagnosis

Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast that affects women, especially during breastfeeding. This disorder is characterized by infection and inflammatory responses in the tissues of the breast. Mastitis symptoms usually do not start unnoticed; On the contrary, it carries obvious signs that appear suddenly and are uncomfortable for the person.

Redness on part or all of the breast is one of the most common symptoms of mastitis. Other symptoms that may accompany the rash include intense pain, tenderness that is aggravated by touch or movement, a feeling of warmth in the breast, and swelling. Patients may also experience warm, red skin, which is a local indicator of infection. Some people with mastitis may experience systemic symptoms of infection, such as fever and chills. In addition, weakness, fatigue and a general feeling of discomfort throughout the body are among the common conditions.

The first step in diagnosing mastitis is taking a detailed history, including the patient's symptoms and medical history. This information helps the doctor identify potential causes of infection and choose appropriate diagnostic and treatment methods. During the physical examination, the doctor examines breast swelling, pain and redness in detail. To confirm mastitis, ultrasonography can provide detailed images of breast tissue, which can help detect potential complications such as abscesses. Although other imaging methods, such as mammography and MRI, are less commonly used, they can provide useful information in certain situations.

During the diagnosis phase, blood tests may also be performed to identify bacteria that may have caused the infection and to assess the extent of the infection. Blood tests are important for detecting markers of infection, such as white blood cells, and establishing a detailed biochemical profile.

The treatment process is adapted according to the severity of the patient's symptoms and underlying causes. Mild cases usually pain relievers and can be managed with frequent breastfeeding or pumping, while more serious infections may require antibiotic treatment. Advanced cases may justify more aggressive treatments such as surgery.

Once mastitis is diagnosed, regular communication with your doctor is important for the successful completion of your treatment process. Any development of complications can be detected and intervened at an early stage, thus accelerating your recovery process and reducing potential risks.

Mastitis (Breast Inflammation) Treatment

Treatment of mastitis generally serves two primary purposes: relieving pain and combating the bacteria that causes the infection. At this point, it is common for doctors to initiate antibiotic therapy. It is important to monitor the patient's general condition and evaluate his response to treatment. If fever or worsening of general condition is observed, you may be hospitalized to receive medical attention.

During mastitis treatment, one of the issues that breastfeeding mothers are most curious about is whether they can continue breastfeeding. Experts recommend continuing breastfeeding to relieve infection and keep the milk ducts open. However, during this process, it is of great importance that the mother acts in accordance with the treatment plan recommended by her doctor and uses the prescribed medications regularly. During painful breastfeeding sessions, applying warm compresses or using painkillers can help relieve pain.

Another important stage of mastitis treatment is the implementation of prevention strategies. A regular and effective breastfeeding routine, correct breastfeeding positions and attention to breast care are effective in reducing the risk of mastitis. It is also recommended that mothers check their own breasts regularly and quickly consult their doctor if they notice any pain, redness or hardening.