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What is Edema and How Does It Occur?

28.01.2024
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What is Edema and How Does It Occur?
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What is Edema and How Does It Occur?

Edema is a medical condition that occurs with excessive fluid accumulation in body tissues and is usually observed as swelling. This swelling can occur in any area of ​​the body, but is most common in the hands, arms, feet, legs, and ankles. Edema is not only a source of discomfort but can also be an indicator of underlying health problems, so it is vital that it is taken into consideration rather than neglected.

Causes of Edema

Edema is caused by disruption of fluid balance in the body. The fluid in the blood vessels begins to leak into the surrounding tissues for various reasons, and a larger than normal amount of fluid is retained in these tissues. This process forms the basis of edema. So what could cause this fluid imbalance?

  1. Drug Side Effects: Some medications, especially anti-hypertensive and anti-inflammatory medications, can cause edema.
  2. Pregnancy: When the body produces more fluid and puts pressure on blood vessels pregnancy The risk of edema increases during
  3. Kidney Disease: When the kidneys' ability to regulate fluid balance decreases, especially protein In cases where the amount is low, edema may occur.
  4. Congestive Heart Failure: When the heart's pumping ability weakens, fluid accumulates in some parts of the body and edema occurs.
  5. Liver Cirrhosis: Liver cirrhosis causes a decrease in protein production and thus a decrease in pressure in the bloodstream, which can lead to edema.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Edema

Symptoms of edema can be easily recognized by swelling and a feeling of heaviness. The skin is stretched and a dent forms for a while against the pressure applied with the finger. In mild cases of edema, symptoms may be less obvious, but in more severe cases of edema, problems such as pain, skin discoloration or even difficulty in walking may be experienced.

To make a diagnosis, the doctor will review the patient's medical history and perform a physical examination. Following the examination, blood tests, urine tests, or additional tests to evaluate heart and kidney function may sometimes be required to understand the cause of the edema.

Edema Treatment

Treatment of edema varies depending on determining the underlying cause. For example, in the case of edema caused by heart failure, lifestyle changes such as diuretics (diuretics) and reducing salt intake may be recommended. If edema is a medication side effect, the doctor will evaluate the need to change the medication or adjust its dosage. Additionally, simple measures to reduce fluid retention, such as compression stockings or resting with your legs elevated, may also be effective.

Correct diagnosis and treatment plan are extremely important in order to support the patient's general health and prevent edema complications. If any signs of swelling or edema are noticed, the best approach would be to contact a healthcare professional as soon as possible.